An analysis of the vietnam war during the 20th century and the role of the united states

Its primary goal was to demoralize the North Vietnamese and diminish their manufacturing and transportation abilities. But then WWII and the resulting regional instability changed everything.

Effects of the vietnam war

Low estimates calculate , combat KIA and a half-million wounded. What amazes me to this day is that at the time I wrote it I actually believed what I wrote to be true, fervently. Soldiers served a one-year tour of duty. In the second century B. Miscellanies is our free weekly long read. In August of that year, after North Vietnamese patrol boats reportedly attacked two U. Originally composed in jest, it became one of the most popular patriotic songs. For the American soldier, whose doctrine was one of absolute commitment to total victory, this strategy led to a frustrating small-unit war. It is not, however, a smart bomb going through a ventilator shaft. He was the easy choice for scapegoat.

Ironically, the leadership of North Vietnam came to a similar conclusion: they had to inflict enough casualties on Americans to end support for the war on the U. Both sides were fighting a war of attrition, so communist commanders sent Hanoi battle reports that often were pure fantasy.

Vietnam war timeline

It was their entire universe. Miscellanies is our free weekly long read. The countryside was left with virtually no administration at all. But I was the only official liar. Two U. The Central Intelligence Agency CIA advised that was not the case—America had a strong military presence in the Pacific that would serve as a deterrent. I lied. Similarly, casualty totals among the VC and NVA and the number of dead and wounded civilians in North Vietnam cannot be determined exactly. The Viet Cong never recovered. Diem fell from favor with his American patrons, partly over disagreements in how to handle the war against the VC and partly because of his unpopular suppression of religious sects and anyone he feared threatened his regime. I began shaking inside, knowing the consequences that were going to have to follow.

The anti-Vietnam War movement, along with the Civil Rights struggle, also helped stimulate greater interest in strategic nonviolent action as an alternative to war and violence as well as a greater interest in the creation of alternative lifestyles and institutions.

This may seem pretty trivial to a civilian reader, decades after the war, but the reader must realize how much the ideal of professionalism and honor means to the military. MACV and future historians were left with only questions.

why did the vietnam war last so long

The Vietnam War remains a very controversial subject. In short, these three kids were had.

An analysis of the vietnam war during the 20th century and the role of the united states

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. We got plastered, taking several bullets through the wing. Johnson signs the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, 10 August In the second century B. Search and destroy, the strategy of attrition[ edit ] President Lyndon B. Elbows and knees flying, he outflanked the enemy and blasted them with his machine gun, freeing the pinned squad. The ARVN bent but did not break. This compares with 26 years of age for those who participated in World War II. Most of the combat was conducted by units smaller than battalion -size the majority at the platoon level. Applied to veterans, it referred to feelings of guilt or shame about the war, influenced by the domestic climate they had returned to. There were many comparisons by the media, Americans military and political officials, and the North Vietnamese to the possibility of PAVN staging a repeat of its victory at Dien Bien Phu, but the differences outweighed the similarities in any comparison.

Westmoreland became the first battlefield commander ever to address a joint session of Congress in wartime, and Time magazine named him Man of the Year.

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Role of the United States in the Vietnam War